Seeing and viewing
Dr. ELsayed Awad
Some define plague as every common disease (epidemic), which leads to the death of many people.
It was stated in the tongue of the Arabs that it is: the general disease and the epidemic that spoils the air, and the moods and the bodies spoil it.
It took place during the reign of Umar bin Al-Khattab, may God be pleased with him, about the plague of Emmaus, which is an epidemic that occurred in the Levant in the 18th Hijri year after the conquest of Jerusalem, so called “plague of Emmaus” in relation to a small town in Palestine between Ramla and Jerusalem, because the plague arose With it first and then spread in the Levant and attributed to it.
Omar bin al-Khattab, may God be pleased with him, dealt with this scourge with the utmost caution, as he and his companions did not enter the Levant, as he tried to get the exempt from the land of the epidemic, and he took full responsibility after the evacuation of this epidemic, so he went to the Levant and supervised the solution of problems and the consequences of this crisis .
Ibn al-Qayyim said: In the prohibition against entering the land on which the plague occurred, several rulings took place:
One: Avoid harmful causes and distance them.
Second: the introduction of wellness, which is the material of pension and recycled.
The third: not to inhale the air, which has rot and spoil, and the disease afflicts them.
Fourth: That they do not come close to the sick who have been sick with this, so that he gets them in close proximity to them from the type of their diseases. [And this Ibn al-Qayyim mentioned is what is called “contagion” in our times.]
It is also a ruling: to ensure that infection does not spread in uninfected countries.
And the prevention of entering and exiting plague-infested areas is what is called in our time: “quarantine”, so that the transmission of the disease by infection from a sick person to a healthy one is prevented.
On the authority of Jabir bin Abdullah: he was in a cultural delegation a leper, who came to pledge allegiance .. Then the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, sent to him: “Go back, we lost you” Sunan Ibn Majah (2/1172).
On the authority of Abu Hurairah, he said: The Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, said: “A nurse does not report to a clinic.” Sahih Al-Bukhari (5771).
The Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, urged to take the reasons for preventing infection, among which is the authentic hadith. The Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, said: “Cover the pot and put the water down, for in the Sunnah there is a night when an epidemic occurs, it does not pass through a vessel that does not have a covering, or a water that does not have Wakaa, except from that epidemic. »Sahih Muslim (2014).
It is inferred from this hadith that caution should be taken when the epidemic is carried out with various reasons designated for it: such as covering exposed utensils and foods, storing them in refrigerators, taking appropriate vaccination if any and medication, wearing protective masks, caring for personal hygiene, washing vegetables and fruits, good cooking of food, and boiling water Drinking, and quarantine the injured …
May God protect Egypt and all Muslim countries and the whole world
From every epidemic and a disease