Flemish School.

It is a school that emerged after the Byzantine or ecclesiastical art, which was interested in religion and the church, then Flemish came in the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries to separate art from religion.

The emergence of Flemish led to interest in drawing people, clothes and royal palaces at the time, and it is also known as the report art, which is aware of the smallest details of the elements of the painting.
It was called Flemish art in relation to the Flemish region, which included Belgium, parts of the Netherlands, and France.

Among the most important achievements of this stage is the discovery of oil colors instead of the ones that dissolve in water, the fact that the oil colors are slow to dry and give beautiful gradations of color more than other colors, and this discovery led to the development of art greatly, and allowed the artists of that era to experience the advantages of oil colors to this day. .

Among the most important artists of the Flemish school are the brothers Van Ick and Jean Van Ick, owner of the painting (The Ruffinelli couple).

Artist Kuntin Mattsis is the owner of the painting (the banker and his wife), where we notice in the paintings of this stage of art is the interest of most of his artists in the smallest details in their subjects, therefore it was called Baroque report art.

One of the founders of one of the important pillars of Flemish Baroque art that was built on a sensual color contrast is the German artist (Peter Rubens) the last Renaissance artists between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries.
Artist Rubens was born in Germany in 1577 from a Protestant father and a Catholic mother and left Germany to Antwerp and returned to her after the death of his father by force of arms. After converting to Catholicism he learned Latin and received classical lessons at a Jesuit school and learned to draw there and then left for Italy, which made a major change in his artistic life There, he learned there from such great artists as Michelangelo and Raviello.

Where the artist, Rubens, was distinguished by his works that depend on the kinesthetic aspect in color, and he excelled in drawing portraits, landscapes, historical, religious and symbolic drawings as well.
Among his works (a castle in the public park).

After his death (1640) copies of his paintings reached the Spanish colonies, where they were influenced by his works and the Germans were dazzled by his vitality and
His sense of rural art by Watteau, Bouchet, Renoir, Cézanne and Picasso, who excelled in the production of the jarnica painting not before seeing the war product by artist Rubens.

Faten Dawood

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